Centre d'Interprétation Marne 14/18

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Chapelle Russe à Saint Hilaire

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Monument de Navarin

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Monument de la 1ère Victoire de la Marne à Mondement

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Fort de la Pompelle à Reims

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Vallée du Camp Moreau

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Monument américain du Blanc Mont

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Mémorial national des Batailles de la Marne à Dormans

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Site de la Main de Massiges

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Ossuaire de la Gruerie

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Body: 

1914-18

2014-18

Yesterday &

Today meet

The Navarin

Ossuary Monument

 

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An impressive remembrance site, this pyramid-shaped monument was built near the old farm-inn of Rougemont, known as "Navarin" since the late 19th century. This change of place name appears to be explained by the personality of its former owner, Parfait Camus: could the latter have participated in the battles of the bay of Navarino (Greece) in 1827? With his unwelcoming verve, he regularly announced to passers by in the local dialect, "Anhue n’a va rin," which may be translated as, "Today there is nothing".

A central point of the Champagne front, Navarin formed part of a line of high points (the hillocks of Souain and Tahure, hill 193, Mont Têtu and Main de Massiges) before which the French offensive of September 1915 was to become stranded. The farm disappeared in the fighting of autumn 1915, fierce battles took place there until September 1918: from this height, General Gouraud launched the Franco-American offensive, clearing the Champagne front and pushing back the German troops towards Ardennes.

1913 - 1918

Despite numerous attacks and the sacrifice of over 250,000 soldiers, the front held.

Built at the instigation of General Gouraud, the Navarin ossuary monument is topped with a solid group of three stone patrolmen whose confrontational position faces to the north-west, the work of sculptor Maxime Real Del Sarte:

- The central soldier has the features of General Gouraud himself,
- The soldier to the right has the features of Quentin Roosevelt, son of Théodore Roosevelt, who died for France on 14 July 1918 in Chamery (Aisne),
- - The soldier on the left has the features of the sculptor's brother Real Del Sarte, killed on the Chemin des Dames.

On the pedestal are inscribed the numbers of the French and allied divisions that fought in Champagne. Inside the monument there is an incredible chapel whose walls are covered with headstones and over 1,000 commemorative plaques affixed by the families of fallen soldiers. In the crypt are the remains of 10,000 soldiers, most of them anonymous, who died during the battles of Champagne. Wishing to be buried alongside his soldiers, General Gouraud lies there with his chief of staff, General Pretelat.

What has always been an important port of call has also become a major remembrance site of the Great War, from which the approach to the monument bears deep scars.

 

Timeline

A land of history and memory,

Still today Marne carries deep scars bearing witness to the bitterness of the ceaseless fighting that continued throughout the Great War.

Use this timeline to discover the major dates of this conflict, the chronology of the fighting, the key personalities and also the repercussions of the international and national events on a local level.

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