Centre d'Interprétation Marne 14/18

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Chapelle Russe à Saint Hilaire

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Monument de Navarin

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Monument de la 1ère Victoire de la Marne à Mondement

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Fort de la Pompelle à Reims

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Vallée du Camp Moreau

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Monument américain du Blanc Mont

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Mémorial national des Batailles de la Marne à Dormans

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Site de la Main de Massiges

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Ossuaire de la Gruerie

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1914-18

2014-18

Yesterday &

Today meet

Fort

Herbillon

1916

One hundred and eighty regiments, two of which were Russian, succeeded one another in defending the fort.

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As early as Roman times a small fort of legionnaires known as "Buxitus" kept watch from this high ground over the Roman road leading to Reims and the Vesle plain. The strategic importance of this location thus appears to repeat itself over time, with the construction of Fort Herbillon in 1883. Classified in 1922, Fort Herbillon is one of the last visible remains of the fortified ring of Reims, developed for General Séré de Rivières after the defeat of 1870.

Due to military technical advances, these forts were judged to be obsolete by the Chief of Staff who disarmed them in 1913. Occupied without combat by German troops during the invasion of 1914, it was retaken on 24 September 1914 by the 138th RI after several days of fierce battles. Since then, resisting all attacks, it remained in the hands of the French throughout the war and served as the cornerstone for the defence of the salient of Reims, allowing the counter-attack to take place in 1918. 180 regiments, including 2 Russian brigades in 1916, succeeded one another in ensuring its defence as well as the French navy with gunboats positioned on the canal. The successive and intensive bombing of 1918 was to literally devastate its superstructure.

 

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Today it is a museum of the Great War and hosts important, rich collections including a set of headgear belonging to the German imperial army unlike no other in the world as well as souvenirs from the Russian expeditionary force.

The rehabilitation of the Fort de la Pompelle

In view of the First World War centenary, the City of Reims has undertaken a project for the enlargement and renovation of the Fort de la Pompelle. The different phases of rehabilitation are scheduled for the first half of 2014, so the fort will be closed temporarily from 2 December 2013 and will reopen in June 2014.

Already, the first results can be seen, with the restoration of the vault and porch of the main entrance. The new layout, intended to be interactive and modern, will offer an area 40% larger. The accesses to the fort will also see specific renovation work aimed at highlighting the conflicts it has withstood. Visitors will be plunged into the everyday lives of those who fiercely defended this little hill, which became crucial to the protection of the city.

 

Timeline

A land of history and memory,

Still today Marne carries deep scars bearing witness to the bitterness of the ceaseless fighting that continued throughout the Great War.

Use this timeline to discover the major dates of this conflict, the chronology of the fighting, the key personalities and also the repercussions of the international and national events on a local level.

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News

The body of a French soldier found in Massiges... 98 years after his death

During the renovation of a trench, the  "La Main de Massiges" association unearthed the bones of a French soldier from the Manche department who died at the Massiges Front in 1915.